A selection of research papers over the past 30 years:


Burke, W. (2002). The neural basis of Charles Bonnet hallucinations: a hypothesis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 73(5): 535-541.


Cox, T & ffytche, D (2014). Negative outcome Charles Bonnet Syndrome. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 98: 1236-1239.


Elflein, H et al (2016). Charles Bonnet’s syndrome: not only a condition of the elderly. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology


ffytche, D (2009). Visual hallucinations in eye disease. Current Opinion in Neurology, 22(1): 28-35.


ffytche, D (2005). Visual Hallucinations and the Charles Bonnet Syndrome. Current Psychiatry Reports, 7(3): 168-179.


Gilmour, G et al (2009). An examination of the relationship between low vision and Charles Bonnet syndrome. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 44(1): 49-52.
Khan, J. et al  (2008). Charles Bonnet syndrome in age-related macular degeneration: the nature and frequency of images in subjects with end-stage disease. Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 15(3): 202-208.
Menon, G. et al (2003). Complex visual hallucinations in the visually impaired: the Charles Bonnet Syndrome. Survey of Ophthalmology, 48(1): 58-72.


Mocellin, R et al (2006). Neuropsychiatry of complex visual hallucinations. Australian and New Zealand journal of Psychiatry 40(9): 742-751.

Schultz, G & Melzack, R (1991). The Charles Bonnet syndrome: 'phantom visual images'. Perception, 20: 809-825.


Teunisse, R et al (1996). Visual hallucinations in psychologically normal people: Charles Bonnet's syndrome. The Lancet, 347: 794-797.